to create more trouble on thyself than either God doth inflict or the devil tempt thee to. (e) Though he sustained grievous assaults of the flesh to cast him into despair, yet his faith grounded on God's accustomed mercies gets the victory. As though he were two men, the psalmist talks to himself. (3) That this often becomes in a sense voluntary, and that we find a melancholy satisfaction in being miserable, and in making ourselves more unhappy, as if we had been wronged, and as if there were a kind of virtue in dejection and gloom - in "refusing," like Rachel, "to be comforted" Jeremiah 31:15; perhaps also feeling as if by this we were deserving of the divine approbation, and laying the foundation for some claim to favor on the score of merit. I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance. Verse 5. This closes the first part of the psalm, expressing the confident belief of the psalmist that God would yet interpose, and that his troubles would have an end; reposing entire confidence in God as the only ground of hope; and expressing the feeling that when that confidence exists the soul should not be dejected or cast down. Is the end and fruit of it but to make thee white, and purify thee? Who would think when Joseph was banished of his brethren, that his brethren should seek unto him like his servants? This interpretation, referring it to the future, also brings this part of the psalm into harmony with the subsequent part Psalm 42:8, where the author of the psalm confidently expresses the same hope. This way David took, and found it effectual; when his soul was unquiet by reason of his present affliction, he lays it to the breast of the promise: "Why art thy cast down O my soul? WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT THE FORTY-SECOND PSALM IN SPURGEON'S DAY. So Lorinus, Proverbs 12:25 . Whether two psalms or one, the subject is obviously similar and they are united with the common refrain of 42:5, 11, and 43:5. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Psalms 42 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. It’s not clear what the word means. Learn more Start my trial Back . My absence from the solemn feasts, is that a perpetual exile? Psalm 42:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term; Psalm 42:4 See Septuagint and Syriac; the meaning of the Hebrew for this line is uncertain. z making my steps secure.. 3 He put a a new song in my mouth,. 3 In the morning, O Lord, You will hear my voice; In the morning I will order my prayer to You and eagerly watch. You should reason up your comforts rather than reason them down, and spend more time in strengthening than in questioning of them. God is unchangeable, and therefore his grace is the ground for unshaken hope. Salem Media Group. For I shall yet praise him - Margin, give thanks. yet, in the original, they are rendered actively; we read it, Why art thou cast down? The futures, as expressing the object of the remembrance, state what was a habit in the time past. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Hope is of great use against castings down; it is an helmet, an erector of the head, which keeps it upright, and from bowing down: it is an anchor of the soul, sure and steadfast, and is of great service in the troubles of life, and against the fears of death; for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance; or "the salvations of his countenance" (h); which implies that the psalmist believed, notwithstanding his present circumstances, that he should have salvation upon salvation; salvation of every kind; or a full and complete one, which should spring, not from any merits of his, but from the free grace and favour of God, expressed in his gracious countenance towards him; and also intimates, that the light of his countenance would be salvation to him (i) now; and that his consummate happiness hereafter would lie in beholding his face for evermore: all which would give him occasion and opportunity of praising the Lord. and why art thou disquieted in me? And so by this they reason themselves to such a pass that they dare not lay hold upon Christ, whereas it should be your work to reason yourselves into Christ as much as you can. As in Psalm 77:4, the cohortatives affirm that he yields himself up most thoroughly to this bittersweet remembrance and to this free outward expression of his pain אלּה (haecce) points forwards; the כּי (quod) which follows opens up the expansion of this word. These are the acts of mercy which make the righteous sing, "The Lord hath triumphed valiantly." Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 23 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: "A Psalm by David." A loss of the present sense of God's love is not a loss of that love itself; the jewel is there, though it gleams not on our breast; hope knows her title good when she cannot read it clear; she expects the promised boon though present providence stands before her with empty hands. Folio. and certainly the soul would return answer, My distress of sadness springs from my unbelief. Cur deprimes te anima mea? da‛, דב, דף) expresses manifold shades of onward motion in lighter or heavier thrusts or jerks. thou that wert infused to give me life; nay, says Philo the Jew, a spark, a beam of the divinity, thou, which shouldest be to this dark body of mine as the sun is to the earth, enlightening, quickening, cheering up my spirits; tell me, why art thou clouded? Psalms 42:4-5. PSALMS 42 AND 43. Who would think when Jonah was in the sea Jonah 3:1-10 , that he would preach at Nineveh? It is not so much the weight of the burden, as the soreness of the back, that troubles the poor beast: so it is not so much the weight of outward evils, as the inward soreness of a galled conscience, not purified nor healed by faith, that vexes and troubles the poor creature. The sweetness, safety, and rightness of hope in God. Sabbaths at Home: or, a help to their right improvement; founded on the Forty-second and Forty-third Psalms. סך (a collateral form of סך), properly a thicket, is figuratively (cf. Came it not without his command? King David has been brought back from the brink of despair by God who has rescued him. p. 180), inasmuch as he suffers it to melt entirely away in pain (Job 30:16). for the salvations of his face, for those supports, deliverances and comforts which I doubt not I shall enjoy both in his presence and sanctuary, and from his presence, and the light of his countenance. Many Bible students think that the *psalmist wrote it to use in the new *temple in Jerusalem. Take either of them, thine eyes will have a large field to water. The means and methods the psalmist took to remove his dejections and disquietudes of mind are as follow; hope thou in God; for the pardon of sin; for which there is good ground of hope, and so no reason to be cast down on account of it; for strength against Satan's temptations, which is to be had in Christ, as well as righteousness; and for the appearance of God, and the discoveries of his love, who has his set time to favour his people, and therefore to be hoped, and quietly waited for. Psalms 42:5. A Psalm of David.. 40 I u waited patiently for the L ord;. And why art thou disquieted in me? For I shall yet praise him. His face is what he seeks and hopes to see, and this will recover his low spirits, this will put to scorn his laughing enemies, this will restore to him all the joys of those holy and happy days around which memory lingers. O Lord, thou hast crowned us, as with a shield of thy good will. Verse 5. Verses 1-5 Holy love to God as the chief good and our felicity is the power of godliness, the very life and soul of religion, without which all external professions and performances are but a shell and carcase: now here we have some of the expressions of that love. Is it for that thou hast been a child of wrath, a servant of the devil? 3 But you, O L ord, are r a shield s about me, my glory, and t the lifter of my head. The Hebrew word for Contemplation (maskil) could be better translated as instruction. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? Sorrow put to the question, or the Consolatory Catechism. and why art thou so cast down within me? What aileth thee? In this gloomy present, in which he is made a mock of, as one who is forsaken of God, on account of his trust in the faithfulness of the promises, he calls to remembrance the bright and cheerful past, and he pours out his soul within him (on the עלי used here and further on instead of בּי or בּקרבּי, and as distinguishing between the ego and the soul, vid., Psychol. This made her grievously to bewail and lament her estate, reasoning with herself, why her Lord God did in so heavy a wise afflict her, and suffered her thus to be sequestered from the sweet society of her loving prison fellows. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Why should I take hold of a promise that am so unholy and so unmortified a creature? These present troubles, are they to last forever? Consider but this, how much there is of God in the affliction. Verse 5. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 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